Cold & Flu: Common Ailments Whose Symptoms You Must Know

Cold & Flu: Common Ailments Whose Symptoms You Must Know

Cold and flu are the most common ailments which happen to very person once or twice in a year. Cold and Flu are both caused by different kinds of viruses but their symptoms and severity differs. Also for flu there are flu vaccinations available which helps in preventing flu disease to happen.

What is common cold?

About common cold first thing that comes to our mind is stuffy nose or running nose along with sneezing. Common cold is caused by many different types of viruses. In medical terms it is called as Viral Upper Respiratory Tract Infection. Some two hundred viruses are known for causing the common cold. Rhinovirus is the culprit virus in most of cases of common cold to adults.

Flu Vaccination

Now why has science never developed a vaccination for cold?

Well the answer is that as mentioned earlier many kinds of virus cause common cold and new type of virus constantly develop which cause cold and thus body is not able to build any resistance against the common cold. Common Cold is recurring and frequent and more in case of kids. Common cold is common during the winter and fall. Interesting facts about common cold are:

  • Frequent Occurring illness
  • Leading cause of doctor visits
  • Leading cause for missed days in school, college and work
  • Symptoms of Common Cold:
  • Sneezing
  • Stuffy Nose/ Nasal Congestion
  • Runny Nose
  • Headache
  • Sore Throat
  • Cough

What is flu?

Influenza is commonly called as Flu. The Flu is caused by the RNA virus which infects the respiratory tract of humans, animals and birds. Flu is more severe than common cold which has mortality rate of 0.1 percent of people infected with RNA virus. The flu symptoms last for one to two weeks and infected person recovers mostly with no problems. But if not treated the flu can further cause Bronchiolitis and pneumonia which at times need immediate medical attention and moreover if not diagnosed can be fatal to life. Treatments to flu include anti-viral medications. You must consult doctor in case of flu.

Flu Symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Headache
  • Malaise: fatigue and no energy
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Sore throat
  • Chest discomfort

There are flu vaccinations available which you must consult with your physician. The flu vaccinations are given at childhood. The vaccination for the Swine Flu has been developed. You can get the Swine Flu and Influenza vaccination in one short.

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