Complete Your Family With Art

Complete Your Family With Art

Generally Assisted Reproductive technology is a term that refers to the different methods used to attain pregnancy artificially or by partly artificial methods. It is a technology used mainly to treat infertility. Few types of ART can be used for genetic purposes in fertile couples as well. The name comprises of all the reproductive procedures concerning a third group like a sperm donor in some cases.

There are number of causes leading to infertility in both men as well as women. Hence each and every case becomes a unit in itself. Accordingly the treatments differ from couple to couple.

In vitro fertilization (IVF):

In vitro fertilization is a process in which the sperm cells are made to fertilize the egg cells outside the womb of the mother (in vitro).This procedure is carried out in the laboratory. The embryos so formed are introduced back in the uterus.

Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI):

This method is used when the man is deficient in the count of sperms or when the motility of the sperms is low.  The preparation of sperms containing fluid (seminal fluid) is done in in-vitro conditions. This fluid is injected inside the uterus.

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI):

Only one sperm from the husband’s seminal fluid is injected in to the ovum or egg. Use of a unique needle is done. The sperm is released into the egg cytoplasm. The embryos so formed are transferred into the mother’s uterus. This method is used in serious cases of sperm deficiency found in males.

Assisted Hatching:

This method is implemented on continuous failure in implantation and in particular cases where the embryo wall is thick. A small opening is made in the embryo wall by means of a needle or laser beam or special chemicals .The main reason is to raise the chances of implantation.

There are other methods used based on the problems faced by individual couple. These are Gamete intra fallopian transfer (GIFT) ,Blastocyst transfer, embryo freezing and replacement etc.

Infertility treatment has no guarantee but the vast knowledge of this field as well as of treating the problems related to reproduction is progressing so fast that majority of the couple are helped in expanding their families and fulfilling their dreams of having a child.

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